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Table 2 Relationship between poverty and CL incidence

From: Consultative meeting to develop a strategy for treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Institute Pasteur, Paris. 13–15 June, 2006

Poverty and other indicators for 90% of global CL cases
  % Population earning < 1$/day Years of Life Expectency % With access to improved water sources Literacy rate (for >15 yrs old)
Afghanistan* ? 46 13 36
Algeria <2 69.2 89 67.8
Bolivia** 14.4 63.2 83 86
Brazil 9.9 67.8 87 87.3
Colombia** 14.4 71.8 91 91.9
Iran <2 69.8 92 71.1
Peru 15.5 69.4 80 90.2
Pakistan 13.4 60.4 90 44
Saudi Arabia ? 71.9 95 77.1
Sudan* ? 55.4 75 58.8
  1. * = Categorized as Least Developed Country (LDC)
  2. ** = Not included in earlier lists of countries with highest
  3. leishmaniasis burden, incidence has increased substantially
  4. Only two countries are listed as LDC, however other countries have pockets of poverty ranging from <2% to 35% of the population. Inclusion of non-economic indicators provides a more comprehensive picture of poverty. (adopted from L. Alvar, WHO).