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Table 1 Characteristics of species within subgenus Trypanozoon See text for explanation.

From: Species concepts for trypanosomes: from morphological to molecular definitions?

Species Distribution Host range Transmission Pleomorphic Differentiation to procyclics Kinetoplast DNA
       Maxicircles Heterogeneous minicircles Homogeneous minicircles
Trypanosoma brucei Tropical Africa Wild & domestic mammals Tsetse – cyclical transmission + + + + -
Trypanosoma evansi North Africa, Asia, S. America Camels, horses, dogs, bovids Bloodsucking flies – mechanical transmission - - - - +
Trypanosoma equiperdum Cosmopolitan Horses Transmitted via copulation - - +/- - +